Legendary as a high-level language, Java has established itself as a household name for developers and consumers alike. Making its name by providing a programming language that is comfortable for those just starting to learn to code, as well as seasoned developers. By remaining fairly similar to C and C++, it is easy to pick up for experienced developers who have used these languages in the past. Java can lend itself kindly to your team of developers, whether you are developing web-apps or desktop applications. Let’s take a closer look at what makes Java a great choice for your upcoming project.
What is Java?
Java is a general-purpose programming language and a software platform invented by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems and is now owned by Oracle. Java as a programming language is a class-based object-oriented language that is designed to be cross-platform thanks to the JVM (Java Virtual Machine). The JVM sits on top of a computers underlying architecture and you might even recall having to install Java in the past in order to access certain web applications.
The Java programming language was built to honor the following principles:
- It must be simple, object-oriented, and familiar.
- It must be robust and secure.
- It must be architecture-neutral and portable.
- It must execute with high performance.
- It must be interpreted, threaded, and dynamic.
Java as a software platform is basically just a suite of programs that allow Java programs to be developed and executed. The JVM, compiler, and core libraries are all part of the Java software platform and it’s not tied to any specific processor or operating system. You can read more about the Java software platform here.
Different platforms target different classes of device and application domains:
A technology that allows small Java-based applications (applets) to be run securely on smart cards and similar small memory devices.
Java ME (Micro Edition)
Specifies several different sets of libraries (known as profiles) for devices with limited storage, display, and power capacities. It is often used to develop applications for mobile devices, PDAs, TV set-top boxes, and printers.
Java SE (Standard Edition)
For general-purpose use on desktop PCs, servers and similar devices.
Java EE (Enterprise Edition)
Java SE plus various APIs which are useful for multi-tier client-server enterprise applications.
Java is one of the most popular programming languages due to its flexibility and legacy. As you can see there are quite a few different scenarios where Java can be applied. It’s worth noting that Java isn’t a popular choice among startups looking to move rapidly however, large scale business enterprises benefit the most from Java’s features.
What is a Java developer?
A Java developer is someone who has professional experience working with Java, most likely either using the Java SE or Java EE platforms. There are also Java-based web developers that use application frameworks such as Spring to create web applications as well as Android developers that leverage the Java programming language to build mobile applications within Android Studio.
If you are developing an application that requires a lot of user interaction, it makes sense to prioritize speedy performance for your project. Java offers a compiler that allows for wicked fast performance, as well as full support for multi-threading. Rest assured, if you use Java you can be confident that your applications will be high-performance, with responsive and dynamic elements easy to implement using these performance-centered features.
Portability is a huge plus to Java, and it’s why it’s such a delight for some programmers to work with. By using Java’s Virtual Machine, the platform allows for your program to run in a stable way on practically any device that has Java installed. The Java Virtual Machine is very widespread across machines on an international scale, so this certainly makes building one version of your application more simple and approachable.
There are several aspects that make Java simple and approachable. For one, Java takes some of the basic design principles from C++ and creates a full-fledged object-oriented programming environment out of it. This allows developers to utilize the stability and functionality found in languages like C and C++, and allow more rapid development through a more simple object-oriented design. On top of this, Java has the capabilities for more simple memory management through automatic garbage collection.
Combining all of this with a huge amount of useful frameworks that help you deploy usable applications using Java, it makes sense that so many choose it to power their next project.
Companies who use Java
Hire a Java developer
Why hire a Java developer
Trio Java developers are pre-vetted, interviewed and then trained further to become true software professionals, capable of adapting to situations that are both within and outside fo the scope of their general expertise.
At Trio, we hold our developers to a higher standard. Much like how elite special forces units recruit only the best from main branches of the military, we recruit developers who either show amazing potential or demonstrate exceptional skill. We then take their talents and sharpen them even further.
Another benefit of hiring a Trio developer is that you won’t incur the costs of hiring, which can add up to be around 30% of a developer’s salary on average, as well as overhead costs associated with full-time employment. By working with Trio, you can enjoy a highly experienced full-time developer for a fraction of the cost, along with the added project management assistance.
To learn more, hit us up and tell us about your project so that we can get you started.
How to hire Java developers
For those who wish to take the high road and hire Java developers on your own, we’re still here to help. Hiring a developer on your own is a very focused and hands-on process that requires considerable knowledge about software development in general. The last thing you want to do is trust your hiring process to someone with no technical ability. If you are a non-technical manager looking to learn a thing or two, we have a great resource here for you to learn more about the hiring process in detail. Otherwise, we’d recommend you contact Trio for consulting and developer allocation.
What to look for in a Java developer
The desirable skills to look for in a Java developer depend on what you are trying to build. Let’s take a look at what those traits are on a high-level from a web and mobile perspective.
- Proficiency with Java and their standard library
- Knowledge using Java SE or Java EE
- At least one MVC framework like JSF, Struts, or Spring MVC
- Working with databases like Hibernate or JPA
- Dependency injection (@Resource)
- Testing with JUnit
- Using build tools such as Maven, Ant, etc
- SOAP-based web services (JAX-WS)
- Version Control (Git)
- Experience using continuous integration tools
- Proficiency with Java and their standard library
- Knowledge of Android Studio and the Android SDK
- Working with XML and ConstraintLayout to build UI for multiple devices
- Knowledge of MVC and MVVM design patterns
- Using build tools such as Gradle, Maven, etc
- Interested in learning Kotlin
How much do Java developers cost in the U.S?
The average salary for a Senior Java developer is $129,553 per year in the United States. According to Ziprecruiter.com data, updated on Mar 18, 2020.
Here’s a chart that visualizes the salary ranges within the United States for a Senior Software Developer. Last updated - March 2020.
How much do Java Developers cost in South America?
Due to economic differences between the United States and South America as a whole, the cost of offshoring software development is significantly lower than hiring full-time with U.S talent. For Java developers in South America, the average salary is currently around $100,000 whereas a mid-level developer costs around $76,000.
How much do Java Developers cost in Ukraine / Eastern Europe?
Eastern Europe shares very similar rates to South America, again due to the economic differences. When looking at salaries in Eastern Europe, data shows that a Senior Java Developer costs around $100,000 on average.
Hourly rates for Java Developers
Another way to look at developer costs is through hourly rates. While salaries are good to understand for hiring developers for full-time and long-term, you might just need a developer for a period of 3-6 months or 6-12 months. In these types of situations, it’s best to calculate your costs based on the hourly rates of a developer.
Below is a table that lists the various hourly rates of developers in different locations based on their job title.
Developing for Android
It’s no secret to experienced mobile developers that Java is the official programming language for creating android apps. Most apps created for Android are built with some, or entirely from Java. Google has maintained consistent support for it as the priority language for its development platform, Android Studio, so this is where most would start when designing, or porting an app to Android.
Though many have been pained by a more complicated development environment when using Java to develop for Android, Google has gone out of their way recently to make mobile development on their platform more accessible. They have created a new language that is essentially an offshoot of Java called Kotlin that makes creating apps easier by using more readable language. It runs directly in Java Virtual Machine, and those starting out developing for the Android ecosystem often start here.
Streamline your project with Trio
Are you wondering how you are going to complete your project? We can make it a lot easier for you to develop your Java web app or desktop application by contracting our highly-experienced software developers to take on your project. We have a wide roster of devs with a diverse skill-set, so it’s highly likely we have somebody for your project’s needs.
Our developers work in a US-friendly time-zone, so there’s no need to worry about trouble communicating in real-time. We don’t use freelancers, rather have a team of full-time software engineers that are ready to be contacted in a timely manner. Drop us a line to get a conversation started today, and we can have your project started in days, not weeks.