Vue.js vs React: Which is Better?

Vue.js or React, which one is the best for your project? When it comes to building a website or web app deciding to use JavaScript for your front-end development is easy enough. JavaScript is an essential technology for any web development project. 

But deciding what framework to use for building user interfaces (UIs) is another question entirely. There are dozens of JavaScript-based frameworks but two of the most popular and widely used JavaScript frameworks are React and Vue.js. 

Of course, now you must narrow down your options. Vue.js vs React: Which framework will be the best fit for your business and what factors should you consider when making that decision? 

This article will introduce you to some of the pros and cons of each framework so you can make your final choice with some semblance of peace of mind.  Stay with us to learn more!

What Is Vue.js?

Vue is an open-source model-view-viewmodel (MVVM) Javascript framework authored by Evan You and released in 2014. 

You were familiar with AngularJS, having worked with the framework on many projects. His aim in creating Vue.js was to extract the parts he liked the best from AngularJS – like data-binding, for example –  but packages these features in a truly lightweight framework. 

Directives are another important feature of the Vue.js framework and are notably easier to operate than its AngularJS counterpart. These allow developers to extend functionality through HTML attributes. They bind to properties and tell the library what to do. 

The framework is also known to be incrementally adoptable. Known as the progressive framework, this means that developers have the opportunity to build from the ground up. They can scale Vue.js from a simple library to a fully-featured framework. 

What Are the Advantages of Vue.js?

Based on its infrastructure, the common developer will find that Vue.js was created to alleviate some of the most basic concerns that arise in software development.

Here are the characteristics of Vue.js which play a part in this objective:

  • Lightweight

The entire Vue.js framework is about 20 kilobytes. In effect, it takes virtually no time for developers to download the framework and get to coding. Lightweight frameworks tend to have a reputation for being easy to use with little reliance on dependencies and extra resources.

  • Simple

Vue.js is easy to understand. Creating a single view, for instance, depends on a very simple syntax. But Vue.js is well-structured in more than one way. Its architecture is optimally defined for keeping your data, life-cycle methods, and custom methods separate.

Features like watchers and directives work to simplify the process of building UIs. And the incrementally adaptable nature of Vue.js makes the framework especially straightforward for scaling up or down.

Integrating Vue.js with existing applications is also fairly simple. This is because the framework is based on JavaScript. And with the content delivery network (CDN) for Vue.js, you won’t need to bother with setting up Node.js and node package manager (npm) to start using Vue.js.

  • Two-Way Binding

The model-view-viewmodel (MVVM) architectural pattern is a UI design that separates concerns related to the graphical user interface, or view, from the business logic, or model, during development.

This facilitates two-way binding which means that the model interacts in such a way with the view that changes to the user interface affect the data and vice versa. Some developers find this form of data binding to be more efficient because you can make elements fully dynamic with little to no code.

  • Modern

Vue.js origins are relatively new. The likes of React and AngularJS were already available before Vue.js and inspired its conception. Because of this, Vue.js is uniquely positioned as You had the ability to build on the weaknesses of its competitors.

The framework borrows useful features from other frameworks like the virtual DOM of React and the directives of Angular but Vue.js is able to add in these features while still being incredibly lightweight and fast. 

When Is the Use of Vue.js Recommended?

At its core, Vue.js is a framework for building UIs and single-page applications. A user interface is the graphical component of an app that users will have direct interactions with.

While back-end development focuses on the aspects of a program that have to do with data management and functionality, human behavior dictates that people form opinions based on first impressions.

What goes on in front-end development – that is, the user interface that users are introduced to when first visiting a website – will determine the brand and professional image of your business that the user walks away with after leaving the website.

Single-page applications (SPAs) have the same obligation to be aesthetically appealing. But their overall function is closer to that of a mobile app. SPAs are web apps that do not need to be refreshed as it works within the browser and doesn’t rely on the server to pull data.

The result is faster transitions that mirror the quality of native mobile apps. Some well-known examples of single-page applications are Gmail, Netflix, and Pinterest.

Vue.js is best implemented for those who feel more comfortable using traditional web technologies in their development. To compare, React purposely mitigates the need to use pure HTML.

Though avid JavaScript fans may perceive this as an advantage, others don’t feel a need to stray far from what they’re used to.

But most of all, the greatest advantage of Vue.js is that it is a view-oriented product. Creating a single view is plain and simple. Due to its reactivity, a programming paradigm where programs automatically adjust to changes (often compared to how excel sheets extend formulas across several cells), Vue.js renders elements without coding.

Which Companies Use Vue.js?

Considering all that Vue.js has to offer, you can bet that major companies have not failed to use Vue.js to their advantages. There are a couple of standout companies that you should recognize below.

  • Netflix

Netflix is a streaming service extending an increasingly large assortment of movies and series to those who choose to pay a small fee each month to access the platform. Vue.js is applied to a number of Netflix’s internal projects.

Keeping in mind that Vue.js components include buttons, sliders, and checkboxes, it's not hard to believe that a large part of Netflix’s UI – technically defined as a single-page application – can be credited to Vue.js.

  • Grammarly

Grammarly is an application that surpasses the mindless spell check that smartphone users are well-acquainted and frustrated with. Rather, Grammarly is a full-featured tool that goes as far as checking tone and word choice.

Vue.js is responsible for Grammarly's user interface, likely for the very same rationale that prompted Netflix’s development team to use Vue.js.

  • Behance

Behance is the offspring of Adobe. It is a leading platform for showcasing creative work. 

Although Behance didn’t always work with Vue.js, the platform decided to migrate from a homegrown solution to Vue.js in order to take advantage of the cost, performance, and more importantly the open-source community that Vue.js thrives on. 

What Is React?

React is an open-source Javascript library released in 2013. The framework was developed and is maintained by Facebook and the community. Developers use React to build UIs and UI components. 

JSX, React’s component-based library, is one of the framework’s most significant contributions to the programming world. The principle utility of JSX, or JavaScript XML, is to write HTML in React in a fashion in which the syntax can co-exist with JavaScript code.    

Reusable components are yet another industrious React feature. This feature permits React developers to take a piece of their UI, adapt it to be generic in turn for specific, and reuse this component in other parts of the codebase. 

What Are the Advantages of React?

Many advantages of React are directly involved with its technical capacity for software development. In other words, the pros of React aren’t relative and the framework isn’t made to be competitive like Vue.js. Just the same, it has great tools for developer use.

  • Reusable Components

The React framework is based on components that are paramount to a more stress-free development environment. 

Though Vue.js may have borrowed this idea, in essence, React obliges users to start with small components and build-up, often building large-scale apps in record development time as compared to other frameworks thanks to code reusability.

  • Virtual DOM

Document object models (DOMs) is a programming interface for HTML and XML. Its purpose is to designate how text is structured on a UI. Unfortunately, when developers update the DOM, even if just a small part, the whole DOM must be rendered again.

Virtual DOM is a feature of React praised by many a developer. Owing to virtual DOMs, developers can manage updates more efficiently. A virtual DOM compares changes to the real DOM and syncs the changes only, boosting performance. 

This is another idea which Vue.js has borrowed. 

  • Easy

Just like Vue.js, React is easy to learn and easy to use. Well-written documentation as well as several tutorials and training resources exist to aid the beginner React developers learning process. The best developers and most active communities generally stem from the frameworks that are the easiest to learn. 

  • Productive

React is primarily concerned with rendering changes to the DOM. Other development concerns are outsourced to additional React libraries like Redux for managing application states and React Router for routing clicks and URLs. 

From Chrome and Firefox, developers can even use an extension called React Developer Tools to track component hierarchies in the virtual DOM. These libraries and other third-party tools contribute to a rich ecosystem that has so far been successful in easing development for developers. 

When Is the Use of React Recommended?

Learn once, write anywhere’ is the official slogan for the React framework. This platitude works for React for several reasons. 

The first is associated with React’s reusable components. React doesn’t enjoy making assumptions about your tech stack so they grant developers the ability to develop new features without having to rewrite existing code. 

Besides building UIs and reusable components, React has a niche for developing single-page applications and mobile applications. React Native is another example of learning once, write anywhere. 

Using virtually the same syntax, React developers can use React Native to build cross-platform native apps that promote code sharing across iOS, Android, and the web with the added benefit of server-side rendering to speed up load times. 

Syntax is the most substantial distinction between Vue.js and React. Vue.js keeps it classic with HTML, but React favors the use of JSX. Some developers will argue that using JSX makes writing a clean, simple code much easier than otherwise.

There are some perks to using JSX as well as the prevention of injection attacks. Since JSX code is converted to a string before being rendered, anything that is not explicitly written in your application cannot be injected, 

Which Companies Use React?

React has reached that level of popularity where the biggest names on the web aren’t too coy to reveal their affiliation. With this kind of representation, React must have a bit of leverage.

  • PayPal

PayPal is an online payment portal. It gives users a means to store and transfer money as well as pay for online transactions through a safe and secure platform.

Representational State Transfer (REST) is a software architectural style delineating how web services are created. REST application programming interfaces (APIs) define communication between two computer systems over HTTP.

The use of React for PayPal authorizes the platform to integrate its REST API and use it in several instances of the codebase.

  • Uber

Uber is a mobile app enabling users to request rides from point A to point B at a reduced cost in contrast to a taxi service. UberEATS is a novelty that arrived shortly after Uber where drivers can pick-up and deliver food to eager customers waiting at home. 

The UberEATS portal relies on React and React Native for the dashboard’s UI. Uber Engineering is proud to have to React on its side and doesn’t neglect to detail exactly why React deserves its appreciation. 

  • Instagram

Instagram is a mobile app and social network for sharing digital images and videos across a user’s follower base. React does all the brunt work in regards to Instagram’s front-end development. This includes Google Maps APIs. geolocations, and search engine accuracy among other things. 

Vue.js vs. React: Side-by-Side Comparison

Several factors should influence which JavaScript framework is best for your business. Some factors like learning difficulty, performance capabilities, and community involvement are self-explanatory. Other factors require a keen understanding of what developers and businesses must look out for in choosing frameworks for their projects. 

For instance, adoption addresses who is using the framework in a professional manner and how long it’s been in production. And tooling conveys what tools each framework includes to ease the development process. Hiring talents is dually important as this will affect how easy it is to find qualified developers for the framework you decide to use.

Adoption 

Both React and Vue.js have been used by large companies. React totes big names such as Facebook, Instagram, and the New York Times. To compare, Vue.js is behind much of the front-end development for Behance, Nintendo, and even NASA. 

You can use the following statistical data to compare the two frameworks: Downloads Graph on NPM ‒ https://www.npmtrends.com/react-vs-vue 

Terms Search Graph ‒ https://trends.google.com/trends/explore?q=Vue,React 

Although both React and Vue.js are used by top enterprises in the tech industry, presently React is much more popular than Vue.js.

Learning Curve

Some elements of React make the framework easier to work with. For one, using React with JSX makes it easier to understand how the template engine works because it looks like simple HTML.

The framework also uses one-way data binding which offers developers more control over their code and reduces errors.    On the other hand, Vue.js was designed to be lightweight and easy-to-use. You can write your logic code, stylesheet, and template elements in a single file.

Overall, most developers find that Vue.js is easier to use because of the organic way in which it separates concerns by decoupling HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Performance
 

Both React and Vue.js are known to be very fast. And though React was the first to use a virtual DOM, Vue.js has blossomed from the concept. 

The frameworks also support tree-shaking which detects and eliminates dead (unused) code and server-side rendering which leads to faster load times. 

However, React is not made to be lightweight and at 30 or so kilobytes as compared to the nearly 21 kilobytes of Vue.js, React lags behind Vue.js in speed, if only by a little. 

Tooling 

React has a third-party command-line interface (CLI)  tool create-react-app which helps you from development to production by setting up your development environment for a SPA. 

React has great support for most integrated development environments (IDEs) and code editors. React also has awesome tools for debugging like React Developer Tools.

Vue.js has an official CLI tool called Vue CLI which is very similar to create-react-app but a little easier to extend. Vue.js also has great support for most IDEs but not to the same extent as React. That said, Vue.js has official web dev tools, unlike React.

As far as the ecosystems of these frameworks, Vue.js is a standalone framework where Facebook leaves React as is culminating in a more fragmented framework. 

Community

React is created and maintained by Facebook and has much larger community integration than Vue.js. Because of this community, developers have many useful third-party libraries available to them so they can focus on writing code rather than building those libraries themselves.  

The community uses websites like StackOverflow to pose questions and help one other. There’s a lot of paid and free content out there teaching novices how to use React on platforms like YouTube or Udemy.

Vue.js is maintained by a similarly invested community that builds great third-party tools, but the framework is simply not as popular as React which becomes a self-fulfilling cycle. 

Hiring Developers

Given that React’s worldwide usage is greater than Vue.js’s, there are more experienced developers and also more available job openings.

This isn’t a statement on how serviceable Vue.js is to your business nonetheless. But popularity does have a crucial role in how your business will navigate project development.  

Conclusion

Vue.js and React have a lot in common. These similarities can be practical in identifying what the deciding factor will be in choosing one framework over another. 

As an illustration, if you feel that searching for experienced developers will be a burden, React may be more appealing to you on account of its popularity. But if you’re looking for a framework that’s truly lightweight and fast, then Vue.js may be for you. 

At Trio, we have engineers experienced with both React and Vue.js. We help small and mid-sized companies by providing them with software engineering teams on-demand, eliminating the process of selection and hiring. 

Trio can allocate a team of highly-qualified software developers to your business whether you want to use Vue.js or React. Visit Trio to learn how we can help you.

 

 

 

Dhyego Calota

About

Passionate for people and edge technologies. Lead software engineer at Trio with

Frequently Asked Questions

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Vue is an open-source model-view-viewmodel (MVVM) Javascript framework authored by Evan You and released in 2014.

Based on its infrastructure, the common developer will find that Vue.js was created to alleviate some of the most basic concerns that arise in software development.

At its core, Vue.js is a framework for building UIs and single-page applications. A user interface is the graphical component of an app that users will have direct interactions with.

React is an open-source Javascript library released in 2013. The framework was developed and is maintained by Facebook and the community. Developers use React to build UIs and UI components.

The first is associated with React’s reusable components. React doesn’t enjoy making assumptions about your tech stack so they grant developers the ability to develop new features without having to rewrite existing code.

Many advantages of React are directly involved with its technical capacity for software development. In other words, the pros of React aren’t relative and the framework isn’t made to be competitive like Vue.js. Just the same, it has great tools for developer use.