Essential React Native Interview Questions and Answers

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Are you trying to prepare for your React Native interview but finding it difficult to understand what you might be asked?

Do not fear. In this article, we will go through all of the concepts that you need to understand so that you are prepared.

We will also go over some specific React Native interview questions so that you feel more comfortable and can have some prepared ahead of time.

Similarly, if you are looking for a React Native developer but are finding the interview process strenuous, this article will help you.

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We can help you with your staff augmentation, outsourcing, or even putting together a dedicated team.

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What are the Basic Concepts of React Native?

If you are going to be working as a React Native developer, you will need a solid grasp of JavaScript and basic React principles.

In this section, you will need to show that you have the ability to create mobile apps that work on both iOS and Android using a single codebase. And you will have to be able to answer questions about doing so.

Let’s look at some concepts you will need to understand and the relevant questions that might be asked.

React Native cross-platform development with Android and iOS
Illustration of React Native enabling cross-platform development for both Android and iOS, showcasing its versatility and efficiency in mobile app development.

Introduction to React Native Developer

React Native is an open source framework that was developed by Facebook. React Native is used to create mobile apps.

Using JavaScript and React, you can build components, manage state, and handle user interactions.

In order to use React Native effectively and land your first React Native job, you need to be familiar with the native modules and APIs that it offers.

Let’s look at some beginner React Native interview questions.

These beginner interview questions should give you an idea of the level of knowledge you might need to get an internship or entry-level software developer position.

What is React Native, and How Does it Differ From React?

React Native is a framework that is often used to build native mobile apps. It uses React.

However, unlike React, which is only used for web development, React Native lets you develop mobile apps using native performance and features.

How do you bootstrap a React Native project?

To bootstrap a React Native project, you can use the react-native init command provided by the React Native CLI. This command sets up a new React Native project with all the necessary configurations and dependencies.

Alternatively, you can use Expo CLI for a managed workflow, which simplifies the setup process and abstracts some of the native configurations. Both of these methods allow you to quickly start developing your React Native application.

Understanding React Native App Development

React Native app development usually involves creating components that represent the User Interface (UI). These components usually encapsulate the logic of the application.

Good examples of these UI components include simple elements like buttons and text fields and complex structures like entire screens or navigation flows.

React Native also makes use of virtual DOM to update the user interface efficiently. If you can use the virtual DOM successfully, you can ensure smooth and responsive applications.

Here is an example of a question related to basic React Native uses.

How Do You Handle Platform-Specific Code in React Native?

The ‘Platform’ module is built into React Native, allowing developers to write platform-specific code effortlessly. This module enables conditional rendering and styling based on the device’s platform, ensuring the app performs optimally on both iOS and Android.

Alternatively, you can create separate platform-specific files using naming conventions (e.g., ‘MyComponent.ios.js’ and ‘’).

By creating separate files for different platforms using specific naming conventions, you can further enhance the development process, leveraging the flexibility built into React Native.

Explain the Virtual DOM and Its Relevance in React Native.

The Virtual DOM allows React Native to minimize actual DOM manipulations, ensuring performance optimization, cross-platform consistency, and developer productivity by efficiently updating the UI.

Unlike the web, React Native components map directly to native UI components, allowing for high-performance rendering and a more seamless user experience.

This direct mapping ensures that applications that you have built using React Native can leverage the full capabilities of the underlying platform, resulting in smoother animations and more responsive interfaces.

Comparison between Virtual DOM and Real DOM in React Native
A comparison of Virtual DOM and Real DOM, emphasizing how the Virtual DOM detects changes, updates, and reconciles with the Real DOM to optimize performance in React Native.

What is JSX, and how does it work in React Native?

JSX stands for JavaScript XML. It is a syntax extension for JavaScript and lets you write HTML-like code in your JavaScript files.

Since React Native uses JavaScript, you can use JSX to describe what the UI should look like. This visualization can make it a lot easier for you to write readable and maintainable code.

How do you manage state in React Native?

State in React Native is managed similarly to how it is managed in React. The ‘useState’ hook is commonly used for managing local component state.

For more complex state management, libraries like Redux or Context API can be utilized. Redux provides a single store for the entire application state, making it easier to manage and debug.

Exploring React Native Components

React Native provides an incredible variety of core components. These include ‘View,’ ‘Text,’ ‘Image,’ and ‘ScrollView.’

You need to understand how to use these components, as well as how to customize them, in order to build robust mobile applications successfully.

Each React component provided by React Native serves a unique purpose and can be combined to create complex and user-friendly interfaces.

Outside of the core components, there are also third-party libraries that can help you enhance the functionality of your components.

Practicing these interview questions will help you become more comfortable and confident and help you ace your next React Native interview.

Keep in mind that some of the more technical questions may require you to do some coding, and you may not have a separate technical interview to ensure that you are a skilled React Native developer.

Explain the concept of ‘props drilling’ and how to avoid it.

Props drilling occurs when props are passed from a top-level component to multiple nested components, even though some intermediate components do not use those props.

To avoid props drilling, you can use techniques like Context API or Redux.

Context API allows you to share the state between components without directly passing props, while Redux centralizes the state of your app and allows any version of React component in React Native to access the state from the store.

What is the role of the component lifecycle in React Native?

The component lifecycle in React Native includes methods that are invoked at different stages of a component’s life, such as when it is mounted, updated, or unmounted.

You can use ‘componenetDidMount’ after the initial render, ‘componentDidUpwdat’ after any updates, and ‘componentWillUnmount’ before the component is removed from the DOM.

How do you implement animations in React Native?

Animations in React Native can be implemented using the ‘Animated’ API. It provides a way to create smooth animations by mapping the animated value to properties like opacity, scale, and translate.

The ‘Animated.timing’ method is often used to animate properties over time.

Libraries like ‘react-native-reanimated’ offer more advanced features and better performance for complex animations.

What is the purpose of the ‘PixelRatio’ module in React Native?

The ‘PixelRatio’ module helps handle different screen densities across various devices. It provides methods to convert between density-independent pixels (dp) and pixels, allowing for consistent UI scaling.

For instance, ‘PixelRatio.get()’ returns the device’s pixel density, which can be used to adjust font sizes and other visual elements to ensure they look good on all screens.

How to Utilize React Native Components Efficiently?

Optimizing Performance with Native Components

Native performance is often the best that there could possibly be when it comes to mobile applications.

To achieve this performance level, or at least something very close to it, you need to use native modules and optimize your JavaScript code when building an app through React Native.

You can do this by using techniques such as ‘Animated’ for animations, leveraging native libraries for complex tasks, and trying your best to minimize your use of heavy computations on the main thread.

Additionally, you can optimize images by using caching tools, selecting appropriate formats (like PNG or WEBP), resizing images to the required dimensions, and reducing the number of renders.

Implement lazy loading for large image sets to enhance performance.​

Let’s dive into some questions related to optimizing performance by using native components.

How can you achieve a responsive design in React Native?

Achieving a responsive design involves using Flexbox for layout, the Dimensions API to get screen dimensions, and libraries like ‘react-native-responsive-screen’ for media queries.

Achieving a responsive design in React Native involves creating layouts that adapt effectively to different screen sizes and orientations.

React Native uses Flexbox for layout which allows components to dynamically adjust their size and position based on available space. It’s crucial for creating responsive designs.

You can use the Dimensions module to get the screen dimensions and adjust your layout accordingly.

React Native provides platform-specific extensions (e.g., Platform.OS) to write code that’s specific to iOS or Android. This allows you to fine-tune your design for each platform.

Look out for orientation change events and update your UI accordingly. You can use the Dimensions module or the react-native-orientation-locker library.

Use the PixelRatio module to adjust font sizes based on screen density.

Libraries like react-native-responsive-screen provide components that adapt their size based on the screen dimensions.

You can also use the react-native-responsive library to implement CSS-like media queries for responsive styling.

How do you Handle Heavy Computations in a React Native App?

To handle heavy computations in a React Native app, you can offload them to native modules or web workers. In doing this, you avoid blocking the main thread.

Use libraries like ‘react-native-reanimated’ for animations. You can also write custom native modules to improve performance.

What are the benefits and drawbacks of using Expo for React Native development?

The biggest benefit of using Expo for React Native development is that it simplifies setup by abstracting the complexity of native modules. It also enables seamless over-the-air updates.

Drawbacks include limited native module support and some functionalities being restricted. Expo’s runtime can also increase the size of your app, affecting load times and other aspects of user experience.

How do you optimize images in React Native?

To optimize images in React Native there are a couple of different things you need to do. Use caching tools, prefer formats like PNG or WEBP over JPEG, reduce image sizes, and limit the number of renders.

Additionally, lazy loading large image sets can enhance performance.

What is the role of the Interaction Manager in React Native?

The Interaction Manager in React Native defers the execution of functions until interactions, such as animations, are completed.

This helps manage the performance of animations and ensure smooth transitions.

Exploring React Navigation in React Native

React Navigation is a popular React Native library for handling navigations and routing.

The library provides a flexible API that helps you manage different types of navigations like stack, tab, and drawers. The improved management means that you can create complex navigation flows.

React Navigation stack navigator flow diagram
Diagram illustrating React Navigation’s stack navigator for smooth navigation flows within a React Native app, featuring transitions between Home, Profile, and Settings screens.

How do You Implement a Stack Navigator in a React Native App?

To implement a stack navigator in a React Native app, you need to install the ‘@react-navigation/stack’ and ‘react-native-screens’ packages.

Once you have installed these, you can create a stack navigator using ‘createStackNavigator and define your screen components.

Lastly, you need to wrap your navigator. You can do this by using a ‘NavigationContainer.’

What is the importance of gesture handling for creating rich and responsive user interfaces in React Native?

Gesture handling is vital for natural and responsive user interfaces. It’s needed for swipe navigation, pinch-zoom, drag-and-drop, animations, carousels, pull-to-refresh, long-press actions, and rotations.

Libraries like ‘react-native-gesture-handler’ provide robust solutions for implementing complex gestures.

How do you handle offline storage in a React Native app?

Offline storage in React Native can be handled using ‘AsyncStorage,’ which provides a simple key-value storage system. For more complex data, libraries like ‘react-native-sqlite-storage’ or ‘realm’ can be used.

These libraries offer robust solutions for storing structured data and handling larger datasets. Proper error handling and user feedback are essential when dealing with offline storage.

How can you utilize help resources effectively in React Native?

To help React Native developers navigate challenges, the community offers numerous resources such as documentation, forums, GitHub repositories, and third-party libraries.

Platforms like Stack Overflow and the official React Native website provide valuable insights and solutions. Utilizing these resources can significantly enhance development efficiency and problem-solving capabilities.

Usage of Developer Menu in React Native Projects

The developer menu in React Native provides a variety of tools that let you debug and develop your mobile app.

Some of these tools include options for reloading the app, enabling hot reloading, inspecting the element tree, and even accessing remote debugging.

If you are familiar with these tools, you can enhance the efficiency of the development process and maximize the performance of your app.

How do you debug React Native apps?

In React Native, debugging can be performed using remote debugging tools like Chrome Developer Tools or in-app debugging tools.

For remote debugging, you can enable the ‘Debug remotely’ option in the developer menu, which will launch the Chrome Developer Tools.

In-app debugging can be done using commands to launch debugging tools specific to iOS or Android.

When working with React Native, integrating debugging tools available in the browser can enhance the debugging process.

Using the browser and React Native together allows developers to inspect elements, view network requests, and analyze console logs.

This integration provides a comprehensive development experience, making it easier to identify and fix issues within the app.

Discuss the role of ‘shouldComponentUpdate’ in React Native.

‘shouldComponentUpdate’ is a lifecycle method that controls whether a component should re-render after receiving new props or state. It helps optimize performance by preventing unnecessary renders.

By default, components re-render whenever props or state change, but ‘shouldComponentUpdate’ allows you to implement custom logic to skip renders when they are not needed.

In modern React, hooks like ‘React.memo’ and ‘useMemo’ offer similar optimization techniques.

How do You Handle User Input in React Native

Handling input in React Native involves using components such as ‘TextInput,’ which provides a way to capture text input from the user.

The ‘TextInput’ component supports various properties and methods to handle user interactions, validate input, and manage the state.

For example, you can use the ‘onChangeText’ property to update the state as the user types, ensuring that the input is captured and processed in real-time.

Additionally, you can style the ‘TextInput’ component to match the design of your application, making it a versatile and essential part of building interactive mobile apps.

What are the Differences Between Basic and Intermediate React Native Questions?

Basic React Native interview questions will focus more on the fundamental concepts, like questions about a specific core component of React Native, state management, and basic navigation.

On the other hand, intermediate questions will be more directed at performance optimization, handling platform-specific or native code, and more advanced component lifecycle methods.

Diving into Basic React Native Interview Questions

Based on all of this information, let’s look at some of the basic React Native interview questions and give you some idea of how you can answer them.

How is React Native code processed to display the final output on the screen?

React Native code undergoes several stages: loading JavaScript bundles, sending code to a second JS thread for calculations, generating a virtual DOM or layout, calculating the new DOM in a shadow thread, and finally rendering the DOM on the UI thread.

What is the role of fast refresh in React Native?

Fast refresh allows developers to see the results of their changes almost instantly without losing the component state, enhancing the development experience.

Explain the Difference Between State and Props in React Native.

State is a local data storage. It is used for a component that can change over time. Usually, state affects the component’s rendering.

Props are read-only data passed from one component to another – parent to child – to configure and customize them.

How do You Handle Navigation in a React Native App?

To handle navigation in a React Native app, you can use libraries like React Navigation. These libraries provide navigators that can manage different navigation patterns.

What are Hooks in React Native?

Hooks are functions that let you use state and other React features in functional components. Common hooks include ‘useState,’ ‘useEffect,’ and ‘useContext.’

Hooks simplify code and eliminate the need for class components by allowing stateful logic within functional components.

Describe How Events Are Handled in React Native

Events in React Native are handled using event handlers, similar to web development. React Native provides a ‘SyntheticEvent’ wrapper to handle cross-browser compatibility.

Event handlers can be attached to components using props like ‘onPress,’ ‘onChange,’ and ‘onSubmit.’ The event handling system in React Native ensures consistent behavior across different platforms.

Challenges in Intermediate React Native Interviews

Intermediate React Native interview questions will often focus on having you solve a common problem that you might encounter in app development.

This can include issues in some areas we have already mentioned, such as performance optimization, managing complex states, and issues when integrating with native modules.

To crack the interview, you will need to understand all of this and be able to show that you are able to use the React Native framework in combination with taking advantage of native rendering and native UI to achieve native performance.

How do You Optimize the Performance of a React Native App

You can optimize the performance of a React Native app using techniques like ‘shouldComponetUpdate’ or ‘React.memo’ to prevent unnecessary re-renders.

You can also lazy load components, use ‘FlatList’ for large lists, and make sure that native modules take care of all heavy computations.

Additionally, optimize images by using caching tools, selecting appropriate formats (like PNG or WEBP), resizing images to the required dimensions, and reducing the number of renders.

Implement lazy loading for large image sets to enhance performance.

What are Some Common Performance Issues in React Native, and How Do You Address Them?

Some common performance issues in React Native include slow rendering of long lists, memory issues related to large images, and stuttering when you use complex animations.

There are a couple of different ways to address these issues. First, make sure that you have optimized your list components. To address image size issues, simply compress them. And for animations, you can use the ‘Animated’ API to try to smooth them out.

Other techniques include removing console statements, compressing or converting raw JSON data, scheduling animations, and removing unnecessary libraries and features.

How do you ensure animations run smoothly in React Native apps?

To ensure smooth animations, use lazy loading to only render components when needed, remove animated values from the state to reduce overhead, and use the ‘useNativeDriver’ option for animations to offload work to the native layer.

Additionally, you can optimize rendering with ‘shouldComponentUpdate’ and ‘React.memo.’

Enhancing Native Performance in React Native Applications

Enhancing native performance for your app requires you to use native modules, optimize your JavaScript code, and understand how those two bridge together.

You might need to learn techniques like memorizing components, etc.

How Do You Use Native Modules in React Native?

To use native modules in React Native, you can create the native module in Java or Objective-C/Swift, and then you can bridge them to JavaScript by using the ‘NativeModules’ API.

By doing this, you can write platform-specific code for functionalities that might not be covered by React Native APIs.

How can sensitive data be stored securely in React Native?

Sensitive data should not be stored in Async Storage as it is not encrypted. Instead, use secure storage solutions like React Native Keychain for iOS or libraries like Facebook Conceal and Android Keystore for Android.

These solutions provide encrypted storage for sensitive information like tokens and passwords.

How to Tackle Advanced React Native Interview Questions?

Advanced React Native interview questions will usually be designed to test your understanding of deep and complex concepts.

To be able to answer these confidently, you will need to know how to handle native modules, advanced state management, and performance optimization at scale.

You may still want to brush up on them as interview prep for entry-level positions, but these are generally React Native interview questions for experienced developers.

Understanding Advanced React Native Concepts

Mostly, advanced concepts include bridging React Native and native code, using the Context API, and eddiciently handling asynchronous operations.

The best way to understand some of these advanced concepts is to practice and gain experience.

Let’s dive into some of the React Native advanced interview questions you might encounter.

What is the role of Fabric in React Native?

Fabric is a new architecture introduced to improve React Native’s performance by modernizing the rendering layer. It allows certain tasks to be executed synchronously, thus enhancing the overall speed and efficiency of the app​.

Explain the React Native Bridge and Its Importance

The React Native bridge is the mechanism that allows your JavaScript code to communicate with native side code and vice versa.

It does this by allowing JavaScript to invoke native modules and native modules to invoke JavaScript, enabling you to integrate platform-specific functionalities and take advantage of native performance.

The bridge acts as a transport layer between JavaScript and native modules.

It first receives the user response to open the app from the native module, passes the payload to the JavaScript module, receives the serialized batched response, and then passes it back to the native module for final rendering.

What are the different workflows in Expo, and how do they differ?

Expo offers two different workflows. The first is the managed workflow, and the second is the bare workflow.

The managed workflow simplifies the development by managing native configurations. It is a great option if you are trying to create a quick prototype or you are working on a smaller project.

The bare workflow gives you full control over native code and configurations. This is the best option for you if you are creating a complex app that requires custom native modules and deeper integration.

How do you handle push notifications in a React Native app?

Push notifications can be handled using services like Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM) for Android and Apple Push Notification Service (APNs) for iOS.

Libraries like ‘react-native-push-notification’ help manage permissions, registration, and handling notifications.

The setup involves integrating the notification service, requesting permissions, and handling notification events within the app.

What steps would you take if a React Native app crashes continually?

To address continuous app crashes, use third-party error reporting tools like Bugsnag, Crashlytics, or Sentry to gather error reports, diagnose issues, and apply quick fixes.

Exploring Native Modules and Libraries in React Native

Native modules and libraries let you access a plethora of features that you might not have had access to otherwise. For advanced React Native development, you need to understand how to use them.

What is the role of TouchableOpacity in React Native?

TouchableOpacity is used to create buttons that respond to touch by changing their opacity, enhancing user feedback during interactions.

How Do You Create a Custom Native Module in React Native

To create a custom native module in React Native, you first need to write the native code in Java or Objective-C/Swift, then expose the functionality using a bridge, and register the module in JavaScript using the ‘NativeModules’ API.

How can Redux be implemented in React Native?

Redux is a useful state management tool. Install the necessary Redux packages online, and then create a Redux folder at the root of the app.

Within the Redux folder, add three files: actions.js, reducer.js, and store.js. In the new reducer.js file, import from ‘redux.’ In the store.js file, import from ‘redux’ to create the store.

Finally, import the store to the React Native app.

How do you integrate third-party libraries in React Native?

Third-party libraries can be integrated into React Native using ‘npm’ or ‘yarn’ to install the package.

For libraries requiring native modules, additional steps include linking the library using ‘react-native link’ (or ‘autolinking’ in React Native 0.60+) and configuring the native files as per the library’s documentation.

This allows you to extend the functionality of your app with minimal effort.

Benefits of Using React Native for Native App Development

There are several benefits to using React Native for app development.

The first is that you can reuse code across multiple platforms. This means you can reuse a lot of the same code for the Android and iOS versions of your app.

Additionally, React Native provides a rich ecosystem of libraries and tools that can help enhance development efficiency and app performance.

By leveraging these resources, you can integrate native functionalities and achieve near-native performance. Examples include using the React Navigation library for complex navigation flows and Redux for state management.

The next step is to make use of the rich ecosystem of libraries and integrate these to take advantage of near-native performance.

Some of the top React Native libraries include React Navigation, Redux, and Axios. These libraries provide essential functionalities that can streamline the development process and enhance the performance and scalability of your application.

The native runtime of React Native ensures that applications built using this framework can leverage native code and components, providing a seamless user experience that feels indistinguishable from apps built using traditional native development methods.

What are some differences between using React Native for iOS and for Android?

Around 85% of React Native code is cross-platform, which means that most processes are the same on both iOS and Android. However, there are a few minor differences.

iOS development uses Mac and Xcode, whereas Android development draws on Android SDK and an emulator.

Third-party plugins that don’t offer native functionality will need to be used differently.

The bridging process can be slightly different when developing complex apps.

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With over 10 years of experience in software outsourcing, Alex has assisted in building high-performance teams before co-founding Trio with his partner Daniel. Today he enjoys helping people hire the best software developers from Latin America and writing great content on how to do that!
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